How can a mummy who’s beyond 3,000 years old be moved from one country to another? It is not simple thing as it used to be back in 1800, so in 1974, in order to relocate the biggest pharaoh  of the Egyptian Empire Ramesses II, it was thought to equip the remains of the pharaoh with a valid passport with Egyptian nationality.

The mummy of Ramesses II was moved in 1974 in a few special French laboratories to help preserving its conditions. The problem was that for France, whoever was to enter the country was supposed to have a valid passport. Therefore, the Egyptian government released a passport where it was shown the date of birth, 1303 BC with a validity of 7 years hence up until 1981. On that trip another detail is worth to be remembered, that is the funeral procession which was dedicated to the mummy in France, as if he was a French member of a military high rank.

Ramesses II was the 3rd pharaoh of the 19th dynasty and he ruled between 1279 to 1213 BC for 66 years: hemanaged to stay alive until his 90-91 years old, an incredible record for the time. To understand the importance of the pharaoh’s kingdom, many were his subjects who were born, grew up and died during his appointment, since the life expectancy was around 30 years old.

His subjects believed that the world would have ended with the death of the Pharaoh

Below: the facade of the temple of Abu Simbel with the 4 colossuses  20 m tall (32 feet) of Ramesses II. picture shared via Wikipedia – licence Creative Commons

Ramesses II was buried in the Valley of the Kings but he  was then transferred in a hiding place for royal mummies, where he was eventually discovered in 1881. Then the archaeologists moved him to the Museum of Cairo where the remains of the Pharaoh  came back to after the intervention of restoration and conservation occurred in France.

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Matteo Rubboli

I am a publisher specialised in the digital distribution of culture and founder of the portal Vanilla Magazine. I don't wear a tie or branded clothes, I keep my hair short so I don't have to comb it. That's not my fault but just the way I've been drawn as...

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